Tuesday, December 23, 2008

National Fire Fighter Near-Miss Reporting System

Based on the first year of data, the various working groups of the National Fire Fighter Near-Miss Reporting System have offered the following recommendations for error-management and to improve firefighter performance and safety.
  • Require a 360-degree evaluation of all structures prior to interior operations
  • Require all officers to perform a risk/benefit analysis. When the risk exceeds the benefit, safety trumps exposure to harm
  • Adopt an error management philosophy at the department level and distinguish between good faith errors and disregard for policy
  • Explore and adopt crew resource management to improve leader performance, crew safety, and incident management
  • Aggressive mentalities need to transition into purposeful action mentalities
  • Blind "duty to act" mindsets create harmful institutional climates and put firefighters in unnecessary danger
  • Fire departments must share knowledge gained from near-misses that were prevented by following procedure, as well as those that occur due to error
  • The near-miss reporting system should add questions about SOGs/SOPs, supervisor training, and organizational elements to aid in the review process

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